Birdwatching Canada

A voice for the northern birds

Birding Atlantic

NF Provincial Bird Atlantic Puffin

NF Provincial Bird Atlantic Puffin

Newfoundland & Labrador Birding Specialties

  • Atlantic puffin
  • Thick-billed murre
  • Northern gannet
  • Black guillemot

363 species in 44 families

The province of Newfoundland and Labrador consists of the island of Newfoundland, mainland Labrador and over seven thousand small islands. The province’s total area is 405,720 square kilometres.

The island of Newfoundland is separated from the mainland by the Strait of Belle Isle in the north and by the wider Cabot Strait in the south. Most of the island of Newfoundland lies below the 50th parallel.

Labrador is bordered by northeastern Quebec and is approximately two and a half times as large as the island. It comprises 72.5 percent of the land area of the province, but contains only 5.3 percent of the population. Labrador’s extreme northern tip shares a short border with Nunavut. Labrador’s area (including associated small islands) is 294,330 square kilometers. Labrador is the most eastern part of the Canadian Shield, the vast area of ancient metamorphic rock comprising much of northeastern North America.

The Long Range Mountains on Newfoundland’s west coast are the north easternmost extension of the Appalachian Mountains. Newfoundland has a rolling, rugged topography with much of the island as well as southern and central Labrador covered by thick boreal forest, broken by numerous lakes and swift-flowing rivers.

NS Provincial Bird Osprey

NS Provincial Bird Osprey

Nova Scotia Birding Specialties

  • Osprey
  • American golden plover
  • Double-crested cormorant
  • Black-headed gull
  • Dovekie
  • American crow

429 species in 47 families

One of Canada’s Maritime Provinces, Nova Scotia is located on its southeastern coast. The province’s 580 kilometre peninsula is surrounded by four bodies of water – the Atlantic Ocean, with Newfoundland to the north and east; the Bay of Fundy, with New Brunswick across the bay to the east; the Northumberland Strait, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and Prince Edward Island to the north; and the Gulf of Maine and the United States to the south and west.

With an area of 55,491 square kilometres, its average width of 128 km means that no part of the province is far from the sea. Nova Scotia is a montage of craggy headlands, quiet harbours and beautiful ocean beaches.

Cape Breton Island, a large island to the northeast of the Nova Scotia mainland, is also part of the province, as is Sable Island, a small island notorious for its shipwrecks, approximately 175 km (95 nautical miles) from the province’s southern coast.

Nova Scotia is framed by the rocky Atlantic Uplands, the Cape Breton Highlands and the wooded Cobequid Hills. The agricultural areas are predominantly lowlands. When the glacial ice withdrew from coastal Nova Scotia 15,000 years ago, the ocean flooded ancient river valleys and carved out hundreds of small protected harbours which became fishing ports.

NB Provincial Bird Black-capped Chickadee

NB Provincial Bird Black-capped Chickadee

New Brunswick Birding Specialties

  • Black-capped chickadee
  • Black-legged kittiwake
  • Swainson’s thrush
  • Osprey
  • Pine grosbeak
  • Fieldfare
  • American black duck
  • Piping plover
  • Common tern
  • Yellow-bellied flycatcher

389 species in 45 families

New Brunswick is situated on the eastern Atlantic coast of Canada. It is bounded on the north by Quebec’s Gaspe Peninsula and Chaleur Bay, and to the east by the island of Nova Scotia, which is connected to New Brunswick by a narrow isthmus. The south of the province is bounded by the Bay of Fundy, which has the highest tides in the world with a rise of 16 m.

New Brunswick has a landmass of 73,500 square kilometres, 85% of which is forest. The northern part of the province is quite mountainous. The interior consists mainly of a rolling plateau, flatter in the east and hillier in the southeast with elevations above 600 metres.
The southern landscape is characterized by hills sloping down to tidal marshes at the edge of the Bay of Fundy, whereas the eastern and central portions of the province consist of rolling hills cut by river valleys.

New Brunswick lies entirely within the Appalachian Mountain range. The northwestern part of the province is comprised of the remote and more rugged Miramichi Highlands, as well as the Chaleur Uplands and the Notre Dame Mountains with a maximum elevation of 820 metres.

Rare Bird Alert Hotlines

Moncton – French (506) 532-2873
Province Wide – English (506) 382-3825

PEI Provincial Bird Blue Jay

PEI Provincial Bird Blue Jay

Prince Edward Island Birding Specialties

  • Blue jay
  • Great blue heron

305 species in 43 families

Prince Edward Island lies in the Gulf of St Lawrence, separated from Nova Scotia to the south and New Brunswick to the west by the Northumberland Strait. It is a crescent shaped island 224 kilometres in length and varies from 6-64 kilometres in width. The total area of the province is 5,660 square kilometres, and its highest point is 152 metres above sea level.

Prince Edward Island is noted for its rich red soil, sand dunes and 800 kilometres of beaches. The rich soil and temperate climate make the island ideal for mixed farming, and the province is known as “the Garden Province,” or the Garden of the Gulf.”

The island’s landscape is pastoral: rolling hills, pristine forests, reddish white sand beaches, ocean coves and the famous red soil have given Prince Edward Island a reputation as a province of outstanding natural beauty.

The coastline consists of a combination of long beaches, dunes, red sandstone cliffs, salt water marshes and numerous bays and harbours. Large dune fields on the north shore can be found on barrier islands at the entrances to various bays and harbours. The dune system is home to a variety of birds and rare plants and is also a site of significant archaeological interest.


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