Birdwatching Canada

A voice for the northern birds

Birding North

YK Territorial Bird Common Raven

YK Territorial Bird Common Raven

Yukon Birding Specialties

  • Common raven
  • Wandering tattler
  • White-tailed ptarmigan
  • Blue throat (Eurasian species)

268 species in 37 families

The Yukon is the western most of Canada’s three northern territories, and is located in the northwest corner of the mainland. The territory is the approximate shape of a triangle, bordering the US state of Alaska to the west, the Northwest Territories to the east and British Columbia to the south. Its northern coast is on the Beaufort Sea.

The Yukon can be divided into two broad geographical regions – the boreal forest belt inn the south and the Arctic tundra in the north. The province also contains a pocket desert. The Carcross Desert is 250 hectares of sand dunes edged by the boreal forest. Mount Logan, Canada’s highest peak, at 6,050 metres, is located in southwestern Yukon.

The very sparsely populated territory abounds with snow-melt lakes and white-capped mountains.

Most of the territory is in the watershed of the Yukon River. The southern Yukon is dotted with a large number of large, long and narrow glacier-fed alpine lakes, most of which flow into the Yukon River system.

NWT Territorial Bird Gyrfalcon

NWT Territorial Bird Gyrfalcon

Northwest Territories & Nunavut Birding Specialties

  • Gyrfalcon
  • Rock ptarmigan
  • Grey-cheeked thrush
  • Sandhill crane
  • White-rumped sandpiper
  • Long-tailed jaeger
  • Arctic tern
  • Lapland longspur
  • Solitary sandpiper
  • Sabine’s gull

309 species in 40 families

The Northwest Territories is located in north central Canada, above the 60th parallel. It borders Canada’s two other territories; Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, and three provinces – British Columbia to the southwest, Alberta to the south, and Saskatchewan to the southeast.
Territorial islands in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago include Banks Island, Borden Island, Prince Patrick Island and parts of Victoria and Melville Islands. The highest point is Mount Nirvana near the border with Yukon at an elevation 2,773 metres (9,098 ft).

Geographical features include the vast Great Bear and Great Slave Lakes, as well as the immense Mackenzie River and the canyons of the Nahanni National Park Reserve. Like Canada’s other northern territories, the Northwest Territories can be divided into two main geographical regions – the boreal forest belt in the south and the Arctic tundra in the north.

NT Territorial Bird Rock Ptarmigan

NT Territorial Bird Rock Ptarmigan

Nunavut, Canada’s newest territory means “our land” in Inuktitut, the Inuit language. Nunavut covers about two million square kilometres of land and water in northern Canada, including part of the mainland, most of the Arctic Archipelago, and all of the islands in Hudson Bay, James Bay and Ungava Bay. The territory makes up 1/5 of Canada’s land base.

Nunavut is north of Manitoba and east of Hudson’s Bay, and is made up of the central and eastern portions of the former Northwest Territories. It shares a tiny land border with Newfoundland and Labrador on the east. It also shares aquatic borders with the provinces of Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba, and the country of Greenland.

The creation of Nunavut created Canada’s only “four corners””at the intersection of the boundaries of Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan, on the southern shore of Kasba Lake. This is not the tourist spot it might be, as it is extremely remote and inaccessible. Nevertheless there is a marker at the point, and some have made the trek.

Nunavut is a land of rock, snow, ice, and sea. Like Canada’s other territories, it can be divided into two broad geographical regions – the boreal forest in the south and the Arctic tundra in the north


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